a Brief History of Cinco de Mayo

Reported by Anahi Avalos

On the 5th of may is the day where Mexico celebrates it’s victory from the Battle of Puebla Day. It celebrates the Mexican Army’s victory over France at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862, during the French-Mexican War. In 1862, Benito Juárez served his term as President of Mexico while the country drowned in debt after years of internal strife. It was his responsibility to fix those payments to European governments.

Upset and demanding repayment, Spain, France, and Britain sent naval forces to Mexico. After Juarez negotiated and explained that a war would further devastate Mexico’s economy, Spain and Britain pulled out after being promised repayment in the future. However, France remained and attempted to colonize Mexico.

Since Mexico’s economy was suffering and Mexico went into battle with lack of supplies the French thought the Mexicans would surrender themselves. However as the war continued France had lost thousands of more troops than Mexico. Even when Mexico couldn’t afford more supplies they managed to have a more determined mind. France’s biggest impact of losing this war was that they overestimated themselves and in the end they had lost due to little-to no aid to save lives. 

Cinco de mayo has been celebrated throughout the US and Mexico since the mexican-american war came in the late 19th century. And is greatly celebrated for the Chicano movement advocating and supporting each other for better treatment during the civil rights movement in 1954. Since these times cinco de mayo is more than just a war date it’s a movement, a celebration! 

San Antonio is one of the major cities that celebrate considering there’s a load of Mexicans and chicanos here. In various locations people host concerts and parties. The biggest party people go to is the one down at the market square they call it “Historic market square cinco de mayo weekend” it is often a popular place to be since “culture becomes alive”once you enter, and is known as the largest Mexican market in this country. They include live bands, folklorico dancers and performances, live mariachi music, artisans, food vendors and more! 

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